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CVS Health

Revenues

$88.4B

Adjusted EPS

$1.31

For the three months ended 03.31.24

Consolidated

For the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year

Total revenues increased 3.7% primarily driven by growth in the Health Care Benefits and Pharmacy & Consumer Wellness segments, partially offset by a decline in the Health Services segment.

Operating income decreased 34.1% primarily due to the decrease in adjusted operating income described below, partially offset by the absence of a $349 million loss on assets held for sale related to the write-down of the Company’s Omnicare long-term care business (“LTC business”) recorded in the prior year. 

Adjusted operating income decreased 32.3% primarily driven by declines in the Health Care Benefits and Health Services segments, partially offset by an increase in the Pharmacy & Consumer Wellness segment. 

Interest expense increased $127 million, or 21.6%, due to higher debt in the three months ended March 31, 2024, primarily driven by long-term debt issued in February and June of 2023 to fund the Company’s acquisitions of Signify Health, Inc. (“Signify Health”) and Oak Street Health, Inc. (“Oak Street Health”). 

The effective income tax rate increased to 28.9% compared to 25.6% primarily due to the impact of certain discrete tax items and their proportion to lower pre-tax income recorded during the three months ended March 31, 2024.

Health Services Segment

The Health Services segment provides a full range of pharmacy benefit management (“PBM”) solutions, delivers health care services in its medical clinics, virtually, and in the home, and offers provider enablement solutions.

The segment results for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were as follows:

Total revenues decreased 9.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year primarily driven by the previously announced loss of a large client during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and continued pharmacy client price improvements. These decreases were partially offset by pharmacy drug mix, growth in specialty pharmacy and the acquisitions of Oak Street Health and Signify Health.

Adjusted operating income decreased 18.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year primarily driven by continued pharmacy client price improvements, lower contributions from 340B, the previously announced loss of a large client during the three months ended March 31, 2024 and the inclusion of the Oak Street Health operating results in the three months ended March 31, 2024. These decreases were partially offset by improved purchasing economics, including increased contributions from the products and services of the Company’s group purchasing organization, as well as contributions from Signify Health in the three months ended March 31, 2024.

Pharmacy claims processed decreased 21.2% on a 30-day equivalent basis for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year, reflecting the previously announced loss of a large client during the three months ended March 31, 2024.

Pharmacy & Consumer Wellness Segment

The Pharmacy & Consumer Wellness segment dispenses prescriptions in its retail pharmacies and through its infusion operations, provides ancillary pharmacy services including pharmacy patient care programs, diagnostic testing and vaccination administration, and sells a wide assortment of health and wellness products and general merchandise. The segment also provides pharmacy services to long-term care facilities and pharmacy fulfillment services to support the Health Services segment’s specialty and mail order pharmacy offerings.

The segment results for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were as follows:

Total revenues increased 2.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year primarily driven by increased prescription volume, including increased contributions from vaccinations, as well as pharmacy drug mix. These increases were partially offset by the impact of recent generic introductions, continued pharmacy reimbursement pressure and decreased front store volume, reflecting the impact of a decrease in store count and lower contributions from coronavirus disease 2019 (“COVID-19”) over-the-counter test kits.

Adjusted operating income increased 3.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2024, compared to the prior year primarily driven by increased prescription volume, including increased contributions from vaccinations, improved drug purchasing and decreased operating expenses, including the favorable impact of the decrease in store count, during the three months ended March 31, 2024. These increases were partially offset by continued pharmacy reimbursement pressure.

Prescriptions filled increased 3.2% on a 30-day equivalent basis for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year primarily driven by increased utilization.

Health Care Benefits Segment

The Health Care Benefits segment offers a full range of insured and self-insured (“ASC”) medical, pharmacy, dental and behavioral health products and services. 

The segment results for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were as follows:

Total revenues increased 24.6% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year driven by growth in the Medicare and Commercial product lines.

Adjusted operating income decreased 59.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to the prior year primarily driven by increased Medicare utilization, the unfavorable impact of the previously disclosed decline in the Company’s 2024 Medicare Advantage star ratings, as well as an unfavorable year-over-year impact of prior-year development. These decreases were partially offset by increased volume due to growth in the Medicare and Commercial product lines, an increase in net investment income and improved fixed cost leverage across the business due to membership growth.

The MBR increased to 90.4% in the three months ended March 31, 2024 compared to 84.6% in the prior year driven by increased Medicare utilization, the unfavorable impact of the Company’s 2024 Medicare Advantage star ratings, the unfavorable year-over-year impact of prior-year development, as well as the impact of an additional day in 2024 due to the leap year.

Medical membership as of March 31, 2024 of 26.8 million increased 1.1 million members compared with December 31, 2023, reflecting increases in the Medicare and Commercial product lines, including an increase of 493,000 members related to the individual exchange business within the Commercial product line. These increases were partially offset by a decline in the Medicaid product line.

Prior years’ health care costs payable estimates developed favorably by $473 million during the three months ended March 31, 2024. This development is reported on a basis consistent with the prior years’ development reported in the health care costs payable table in the Company’s annual audited financial statements and does not directly correspond to an increase in 2024 operating results.

Days claims payable were 44.5 days as of March 31, 2024, a decrease of 1.4 days compared to December 31, 2023. The decrease was primarily driven by the impact of membership growth, higher pharmacy trends, as well as the number of days in each quarter.

2024 Full-Year Guidance

The Company revised its full-year 2024 GAAP diluted EPS guidance to at least $5.64 from at least $7.06 and its full-year 2024 Adjusted EPS guidance to at least $7.00 from at least $8.30. The Company also revised its full-year 2024 cash flow from operations guidance to at least $10.5 billion from at least $12.0 billion.

 

The Company’s guidance revision reflects the assumption that the majority of utilization pressure observed in the Health Care Benefits segment during the first quarter will persist throughout 2024. Additional details of the guidance revision can be found in the Q1 2024 Earnings Presentation that can be found on the Investor Relations section of the CVS Health website at http://investors.cvshealth.com.

The adjustments between full-year 2024 GAAP diluted EPS and Adjusted EPS include amortization of intangible assets, net realized capital losses, acquisition-related integration costs, opioid litigation charges and the corresponding income tax benefit or expense related to the items excluded from adjusted income attributable to CVS Health.